MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 106
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 106

(Last week we ended with, “Currently, we, the common ones, abide by precepts are eager for all surrounding neighbors to know because you want to hear their praising, then you will become exceedingly happy. This is self-intoxication.”)

 

Strong conflict exists in our society, like being a vegetarian who is in a bad mood after seeing other people eat vegetarian food. One will question:

Do you eat in accordance with the teaching of Buddha?

Are you sure your vegetarian food did not mix with meat products?

Do you cook with vegetable oil?

Did you add green onions, ginger or garlic in it?

Did you add cooking wine?

I came across too many. When I was a vegetarian, people asked me all of these questions.

I said: “Oh, it is like this, I do not eat now.”

Others then said: “Go without food; this is impressive!”

I said: “Yeah, because the way you question me so, I dare not eat anymore!”

He thought since I would not eat it means that I have attained enlightenment. No, I explained to him that I will not eat because of his way of expressing. That is why I dare not eat. So, his whole family was fearfully surprised and in a state of not knowing whether to laugh or cry.

I remember being a vegetarian before, some people have regulations: one is a vegetarian by oneself to stipulate others to be vegetarian. Others who are not a vegetarian is like they are committing a heinous crime. This behavior causes one’s parents, brothers and sisters to have misunderstandings about Buddhism like, “Buddhism only forces people to be vegetarian, forbids us to eat meat or other meat-related products, and other religions do not have this kind of enforcement meaning.” No, they do not know what Buddha teaching is.

Today we talk about the “moral precepts”, a person to observe the precepts must obtain the embodiment of the precepts in the heart of recipient. I just talked about the fundamental essence which refers to no thought arises in the mind, no discrimination, and no attachment; these are the embodiment of the precepts. Once you attain it and you know inherently no-discrimination and no-attachment in yourself-nature radiance, you then observe the precepts and truly accept the phenomenon of enlightenment.

“Precept” is exactly the phenomenon. Everyday life you do according to circumstances, whether being a vegetarian or a meat eater is not important; the key is whether there is thought arising in your mind.

There is no doubt being a vegetarian is good. Why? Currently meat products are contaminated, the sea is also contaminated, the river is also contaminated and everywhere you turn is contaminated. Eating three meals is like in taking poison and thus being a vegetarian is better.

Are vegetables contaminated? Yes, agricultural pesticides, air, water, ground and fertilizer are contaminated.

Is it possible to not eat? I think there is no way.

The saints above and Arhat are able to not eat because they enter a state of intense concentration. How can an ordinary being do it?  In this case, we use a convenient method which is no discrimination and no attachment and acting in accordance with conditions.

The genuine precepts are acting in accordance with conditions. Whether to end abstinence, faults that require special restraint, strictly adhering to the precepts, or breaking the precept, you do it skillfully and easily by acting in accordance with conditions.

The “moral precepts” are for disciplining yourself. I am repeating and emphasizing this point, no need to have thought arising in the mind to control another person and let everyone grow affliction which breaks the precept. To be present are the experienced practitioners who have nurtured the Buddha teaching for more than ten years. You shall be more relaxed and unrestrained with this problem. Do not put anything in mind when another does something, such as: What about that family? Also, what about who? Also, what about him? No need to put it in your mind. You are busy enough. Every day you live in an abyss of suffering entirely. Every day you are busy enough combating your own erroneous thinking and attachments, who has time to care about others.

Following the statement by Master Yin-Quang (印光大師):

Mind your own business; do not mind others.

If you do it right, then everything is fine. Then let me tell you something, the moment our body and mind has purified of defiling illusion, with regards to all beings, a phenomenon will be discovered. It turns out that all beings are a Buddha or Bodhisattva. If you feel this way, congratulate yourself because it means that you have compliance with moral precepts.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

( ) 持戒波羅蜜

(上星期講到: 我們凡夫今天守個戒,巴不得左鄰右舍都知道,左鄰右舍稱讚,他高興得不得了。「我慢」。)

我們社會鬥爭堅固,就像吃素,看見別人吃素很不爽。

有沒有如法吃?

你素裡面有沒有葷?

有沒有素油?

裡面有沒有葱、薑、蒜?

有沒有加酒?

我碰到太多了。我以前吃素的時候,人家就問我。

我說:「是這樣子, 我現在不吃。」

「不吃? 這樣厲害!」

我說:「是啊,因為你這樣講,我都不敢吃了。」

他還以為我不吃飯,得道了。不是。我是講給他聽,我不吃,因為他這樣講,不敢吃了。弄得全家顫顫驚驚,啼笑皆非。

我記得以前吃素,他有規定的,他一個人吃素,規定別人要吃素。那不吃素,好像犯了滔天大罪。搞得父母、兄弟、姊妹對佛教不諒解。「你們佛教就吃素,禁止我們吃肉、吃葷;人家教都沒有這個意思」。不是,他不知道佛法是怎麼回事。

今天我們談到「戒律」上面講,一個人「守戒」要得「戒體」。剛剛我講體,是不起心、不動念、不分別、不執著,這是「戒體」。你得了,你曉得自性光明中本來就是不分別、不執著了,你就守戒了,真正接受覺悟的現象。

「戒」就是現象。那日常生活隨緣,吃素、吃肉都不重要,重要是你心裡面有沒有起心、動念。

固然吃素好,為什麼?現在因為肉汚染,海也汚染,河水也汚染,到處都汚染,三餐如服毒,那當然吃素好。

素有沒有汚染?有。農藥、空氣、水、土壤、肥料全是汚染。

可不可以不吃?我想沒辦法,做不到。

四果以上聖人,是可以不吃,入定。一般眾生怎麼做得到。那我們用個方便法,不要分別、不要執著,隨緣。真正的戒,隨緣。開遮持犯,遊刃有餘,隨緣。

戒,戒自己。我再一次講,不要去起心、動念管別人,讓大家生煩惱,這犯戒。在座都是老修,都是薰陶了十幾年。對這問題要輕鬆一點、要自在一點,別人做什麼事,不要擺在心裡面。誰家怎麼樣?誰又怎麼樣?他又怎麼樣?不需要擺在心裡面。自己都忙不過來了,每天自己都水深火熱。每天都跟自己妄想、執著打架都來不及了,那有時間管別人。

印光大師不是講:「只管自家,不管人家。」

自己做好了,沒有事了。那我來講個事情,真正我們身心清淨的時候,對於一切眾生都會發現一個現象,原來一切眾生都是佛菩薩。你要生出這種感覺,恭喜你,你有持戒。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra