01 Jul Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 112
(Last week we ended with, “The son of Buddha, Rahula, does his cultivation in the esoteric way: he quietly cultivates himself during eating, drinking, playing and recreational games. To attain enlightenment is not necessarily from the ascetic practice. One can also have attainment within eating, drinking, playing and recreational games. You should not discriminate. Without discrimination and attachment is precisely compliance with moral precepts.”)
I repeatedly lecture about discrimination and attachment, if you are in compliance with moral precepts that is also called “breaking the precepts” because there are attachments in mind. At that time when Shakyamuni Buddha was begging for alms house to house and spent one night under a tree, other people just looked at him like this. There is no difference about Shakyamuni Buddha, for one does not have wholesome root to look at him in the same way as an aged bald-headed Bhiksu (Monk). Brahamdeva of the Heavenly Realm looked at Shakyamuni Buddha as a glorified Buddha image in golden colored body in transparency sending out an illuminating ray. The Maha-Bodhisattva saw him as the Reward Body Buddha. The Buddhas saw him as the Dharma Body Buddha.
Even Shakyamuni himself stated: I have gold threaded cloth. The so-called gold threaded cloth refers to the glorified golden body of Buddha. The Heavenly Realm makes cloth offerings to Buddha which is countless and limitless support.
Our concept to cultivate ourselves in right practice needs to change over; success or failure, riches or honor are the same. The wealthy and the nobility all have a kind of habituated tendencies which are unable to endure when one feels a little wronged or think the calamity of the world is coming. The poor and lowly ones have self-inferiority, and the rich and honorable ones have self-arrogance, these also have broken the moral precepts. No matter today whether you are a Buddhist great donor, or a president of a monastery group; it is no good.
When there is thought arising in the mind, do you know whether you are in compliance with moral precepts?
Do you truly vow to follow the Bodhisattva Precepts?
Have you observed the Five Precepts?
No need to ask others, you should ask yourself. As I just talked about the Precept Master Dao-xuan, the demonstration of Master Kui-ji, he was not able to reach enlightenment in a lifetime.
I have seen a person in compliance with moral precepts meticulously and highly perfected. A person in compliance with moral precepts meticulously and highly perfected gets along well with everyone. You smoke and he smokes too, you spit on the ground and he does the same. You dance and he also dances too. You are vegetarian he will be the same, you are mindfulness of Amitabha, and he is mindfulness of Amitabha. This is called meticulously and highly perfected “compliance with moral precepts”.
“Meticulously” refers to one concentrated at thought arising in the mind completely; one concentrated mindfulness of Amitabha.
“Highly perfected” refers to one demands a lot of oneself and is more lenient with others.
Now people are the opposite; they demand others more and are more lenient to themselves. It is not bad, in the end precisely to take different roads and urge the horses on in the future, the one with genuine purity in the body and mind will go to Amitabha Pure Land.
All Buddha and Bodhisattva who manifested in our world, none of them will act special, all of you must be aware of this. They are all meticulously and highly perfected in compliance with moral precepts, observe the Mahayana Precepts or Vajrayana Precepts completely leak-free however they are not special from us. It is the same as having piles of habituated tendencies of affliction as “greed, aversion, ignorance, arrogance and suspicion”; yet that is one’s outside appearance. Therefore, does anybody know for what reason the “moral precept” of the Buddhist monk or nun and lay practitioner of today’s society, they can neither cultivate it well nor learn it well?
Owing to the attachment of the appearance of things, attaching to a phenomenon of meticulously and highly perfected compliance with moral precepts.
Owing to discrimination is to discriminate between either lay practitioner, Buddhist monk or nun.
Owing to erroneous thinking, that so and so is a Buddha or Bodhisattva. To have erroneous thinking about that Monastery or this Monastery is the Buddhism.
This is a mistake. If one has erroneous thinking, attachment and discrimination it is called one who breaks the moral precept. Compliance with moral precepts genuinely we must be clear: it is not to have discrimination and attachment on the Buddhist Moral Discipline (Pratimoksa), to think that I have greed in this, or I have aversion, or I have this and that; no, it is not this way; it means all thought arising in the mind in daily living. Everyone should go back and look at your thought arising in the mind; if you have thought arisen, it is called “breaking the moral precepts”.
Therefore, today explaining the moral precepts, if you do not have thought arising in the mind, then you have obtained the embodiment of the precepts in your mind (it is after accepted the precepts, psychologically manifests a kind of persistence and compulsory effectiveness which can prevent one from doing anything against the precepts). If you truly embody the precepts – the embodiment refers to pure and radiance. If you have vowed to follow the precept and do not attain the embodiment of the precepts, then you are not truly vowing to follow the moral precept.
Like very many people now who have vowed to follow the Bodhisattva Precepts it is to deceive you. Also, there are people trying to persuade others to leave home and become monks or nuns all day long, it is deceiving. One says, “leaving home to become a monk or nun is having merit” is a mistake. Becoming a monk or nun to have merit means after one is a monk or nun, one’s own nature becomes pure, perfect, and radiant. Listen to Sutra explaining and hearing the teaching to attain Buddha enlightenment that is called “merit”. If none, one is only fooling around with a believer’s money, like those monasteries who are currently entirely this way. Today, the “precepts” needs to be explained clearly: we are human; we are not a monastery.
There is an old saying by the ancients:
Totally repudiate the thought movement, permits your Dharma Body (the mind of Buddha) survive.
This is correct, it is awesome! If erroneous thinking and distracting ideas die off it means never to arise again then your Dharma Body will manifest, precisely your essence of pure and radiant manifests. This is compliance with moral precepts.
We chant (mindfulness) Amitabha means compliance with moral precepts.
Letting go of all afflictions means compliance with moral precepts.
No discriminations, no attachments and no erroneous thinking means compliance with moral precepts.
When you can seize the main principle for 24 hours, all is called compliance with moral precepts. Let alone observing just the “Five Precepts” in perfection, one also observes the “Precepts of Mahayana, the Precepts of Hinayana, the Precepts of Bhiksu, the Precepts of Bhiksuni, or the Precepts of Bodhisattva” all in perfection. Chanting (mindfulness) Amitabha wholeheartedly for 24 hours without interruption, this is compliance with moral precepts in perfection.
Last time we discussed if you can chant for over 12 hours, it is a fairly good achievement. So today we have truly summarized in general about compliance with moral precepts and understand what compliance with moral precepts is. I would like to offer my sincere advice to everyone, if you truly chant (mindfulness) Amitabha sincerely, do not carry the secular way of thinking in your head; this is genuinely in compliance with moral precepts. This is especially important.
If you maintain thoughts in the secular way, it breaks the percepts and damages the precepts. The result of sin ends at the Three Wretched Worlds (hell, animal, hungry ghost), this is for sure.
卷(七 ) 持戒波羅蜜
(上星期講到: 佛的兒子羅睺羅是密行 – 在吃喝玩樂遊戲中修行。不是只有苦行才能成就，吃喝玩樂遊戲中也能成就。不要去分別。不分別、不執著就是「持戒」。)
我一再講分別、執著，就算你「持戒」，那也叫犯戒。因心裡有執著。佛當年沿門托缽，樹下一宿，人家就看他這樣。一般沒有什麼善根的人看到佛，就是一個理個光頭的老比丘。天界梵天看到佛，是莊嚴的佛相 – 透明的金色身放光。大菩薩看到他 – 是報身佛。佛看到他 – 是「法身」。
所以今天講「戒」，如果你沒有起心、動念，得「戒體」，真有「戒體」 – 體是清淨光明。如果你受戒不得「戒體」，就不是真受戒。