MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 112
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 112

(Last week we ended with, “The son of Buddha, Rahula, does his cultivation in the esoteric way: he quietly cultivates himself during eating, drinking, playing and recreational games. To attain enlightenment is not necessarily from the ascetic practice. One can also have attainment within eating, drinking, playing and recreational games. You should not discriminate. Without discrimination and attachment is precisely compliance with moral precepts.”)

 

I repeatedly lecture about discrimination and attachment, if you are in compliance with moral precepts that is also called “breaking the precepts” because there are attachments in mind.  At that time when Shakyamuni Buddha was begging for alms house to house and spent one night under a tree, other people just looked at him like this. There is no difference about Shakyamuni Buddha, for one does not have wholesome root to look at him in the same way as an aged bald-headed Bhiksu (Monk). Brahamdeva of the Heavenly Realm looked at Shakyamuni Buddha as a glorified Buddha image in golden colored body in transparency sending out an illuminating ray. The Maha-Bodhisattva saw him as the Reward Body Buddha. The Buddhas saw him as the Dharma Body Buddha.

Even Shakyamuni himself stated:  I have gold threaded cloth. The so-called gold threaded cloth refers to the glorified golden body of Buddha. The Heavenly Realm makes cloth offerings to Buddha which is countless and limitless support.

Our concept to cultivate ourselves in right practice needs to change over; success or failure, riches or honor are the same. The wealthy and the nobility all have a kind of habituated tendencies which are unable to endure when one feels a little wronged or think the calamity of the world is coming. The poor and lowly ones have self-inferiority, and the rich and honorable ones have self-arrogance, these also have broken the moral precepts. No matter today whether you are a Buddhist great donor, or a president of a monastery group; it is no good.

When there is thought arising in the mind, do you know whether you are in compliance with moral precepts?

Do you truly vow to follow the Bodhisattva Precepts?

Have you observed the Five Precepts?

No need to ask others, you should ask yourself. As I just talked about the Precept Master Dao-xuan, the demonstration of Master Kui-ji, he was not able to reach enlightenment in a lifetime.

I have seen a person in compliance with moral precepts meticulously and highly perfected. A person in compliance with moral precepts meticulously and highly perfected gets along well with everyone. You smoke and he smokes too, you spit on the ground and he does the same. You dance and he also dances too. You are vegetarian he will be the same, you are mindfulness of Amitabha, and he is mindfulness of Amitabha. This is called meticulously and highly perfected “compliance with moral precepts”.

“Meticulously” refers to one concentrated at thought arising in the mind completely; one concentrated mindfulness of Amitabha.

“Highly perfected” refers to one demands a lot of oneself and is more lenient with others.

Now people are the opposite; they demand others more and are more lenient to themselves. It is not bad, in the end precisely to take different roads and urge the horses on in the future, the one with genuine purity in the body and mind will go to Amitabha Pure Land.

All Buddha and Bodhisattva who manifested in our world, none of them will act special, all of you must be aware of this. They are all meticulously and highly perfected in compliance with moral precepts, observe the Mahayana Precepts or Vajrayana Precepts completely leak-free however they are not special from us. It is the same as having piles of habituated tendencies of affliction as “greed, aversion, ignorance, arrogance and suspicion”; yet that is one’s outside appearance. Therefore, does anybody know for what reason the “moral precept” of the Buddhist monk or nun and lay practitioner of today’s society, they can neither cultivate it well nor learn it well?

Owing to the attachment of the appearance of things, attaching to a phenomenon of meticulously and highly perfected compliance with moral precepts.

Owing to discrimination is to discriminate between either lay practitioner, Buddhist monk or nun.

Owing to erroneous thinking, that so and so is a Buddha or Bodhisattva. To have erroneous thinking about that Monastery or this Monastery is the Buddhism.

This is a mistake. If one has erroneous thinking, attachment and discrimination it is called one who breaks the moral precept.  Compliance with moral precepts genuinely we must be clear: it is not to have discrimination and attachment on the Buddhist Moral Discipline (Pratimoksa), to think that I have greed in this, or I have aversion, or I have this and that; no, it is not this way; it means all thought arising in the mind in daily living. Everyone should go back and look at your thought arising in the mind; if you have thought arisen, it is called “breaking the moral precepts”.

Therefore, today explaining the moral precepts, if you do not have thought arising in the mind, then you have obtained the embodiment of the precepts in your mind (it is after accepted the precepts, psychologically manifests a kind of persistence and compulsory effectiveness which can prevent one from doing anything against the precepts). If you truly embody the precepts – the embodiment refers to pure and radiance. If you have vowed to follow the precept and do not attain the embodiment of the precepts, then you are not truly vowing to follow the moral precept.

Like very many people now who have vowed to follow the Bodhisattva Precepts it is to deceive you. Also, there are people trying to persuade others to leave home and become monks or nuns all day long, it is deceiving. One says, “leaving home to become a monk or nun is having merit” is a mistake. Becoming a monk or nun to have merit means after one is a monk or nun, one’s own nature becomes pure, perfect, and radiant. Listen to Sutra explaining and hearing the teaching to attain Buddha enlightenment that is called “merit”. If none, one is only fooling around with a believer’s money, like those monasteries who are currently entirely this way. Today, the “precepts” needs to be explained clearly: we are human; we are not a monastery.

There is an old saying by the ancients:

Totally repudiate the thought movement, permits your Dharma Body (the mind of Buddha) survive.

This is correct, it is awesome! If erroneous thinking and distracting ideas die off it means never to arise again then your Dharma Body will manifest, precisely your essence of pure and radiant manifests. This is compliance with moral precepts.

We chant (mindfulness) Amitabha means compliance with moral precepts.

Letting go of all afflictions means compliance with moral precepts.

No discriminations, no attachments and no erroneous thinking means compliance with moral precepts.

When you can seize the main principle for 24 hours, all is called compliance with moral precepts. Let alone observing just the “Five Precepts” in perfection, one also observes the “Precepts of Mahayana, the Precepts of Hinayana, the Precepts of Bhiksu, the Precepts of Bhiksuni, or the Precepts of Bodhisattva” all in perfection. Chanting (mindfulness) Amitabha wholeheartedly for 24 hours without interruption, this is compliance with moral precepts in perfection.

Last time we discussed if you can chant for over 12 hours, it is a fairly good achievement. So today we have truly summarized in general about compliance with moral precepts and understand what compliance with moral precepts is. I would like to offer my sincere advice to everyone, if you truly chant (mindfulness) Amitabha sincerely, do not carry the secular way of thinking in your head; this is genuinely in compliance with moral precepts. This is especially important.

If you maintain thoughts in the secular way, it breaks the percepts and damages the precepts. The result of sin ends at the Three Wretched Worlds (hell, animal, hungry ghost), this is for sure.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

 

( ) 持戒波羅蜜

(上星期講到: 佛的兒子羅睺羅是密行 – 在吃喝玩樂遊戲中修行。不是只有苦行才能成就,吃喝玩樂遊戲中也能成就。不要去分別。不分別、不執著就是「持戒」。)

我一再講分別、執著,就算你「持戒」,那也叫犯戒。因心裡有執著。佛當年沿門托缽,樹下一宿,人家就看他這樣。一般沒有什麼善根的人看到佛,就是一個理個光頭的老比丘。天界梵天看到佛,是莊嚴的佛相 – 透明的金色身放光。大菩薩看到他 – 是報身佛。佛看到他 – 是「法身」。

佛也講過「我有金縷衣。」所謂「金縷衣」,就是金身莊嚴,天界供養給佛的衣服是無量無邊的加持。

我們修行的觀念要把它改過來,窮通富貴,其實一樣。富貴人有一種習氣,受一點委屈就受不了,以為是世界大難要來了。貧賤人自卑,富貴人自大,這也是犯戒。不管今天你是佛家的大施主也好,是某某山的會長,沒有用的。

真正起心、動念,就知道你有沒有「持戒」?

是不是真的受「菩薩戒」?

有沒有守「五戒」?

不要問別人,問自己。所以我剛講道宣律師,如果沒有窺基大師來給他做個示現,他一輩子都不會覺悟的。

我見過「持戒」很精嚴的人,真正「持戒」精嚴的人,跟一切眾生都能相處。你抽煙,他抽煙。你吐痰,他吐痰。你跳舞,他也跳舞。你吃素,他吃素。你念佛,他念佛。沒有行不通的,這叫「持戒精嚴」。「精」是說他專注, 在起心、動念上完完全全專注,專注念佛。「嚴」是嚴以律己,寬以待人。現在人相反,嚴以待人,寬以律己。也不錯,不過下場就是將來是分道揚鑣,真正身心清淨的人到極樂世界去。

所有的佛菩薩來人間示現,絕對沒有特殊的,各位要搞清楚。他們都是「持戒」精嚴。真正「大乘戒」、「金剛戒」完全一滴不漏,可是跟我們毫無特殊,一樣煩惱習氣一堆,「貪、瞋、痴、慢、疑」一堆,可是那是外面外表。所以戒,在今天社會,為什麼出家、在家二眾他都修不好,學不好。什麼原因各位知道?因為著相,著一個「戒律」精嚴的相。因為分別,分別出家、在家。因為妄想,妄想某某人是佛菩薩。妄想那個山這個山是佛教。搞錯。如果有妄想、有執著、有分別,叫作犯戒。真正「持戒」要搞清楚,不是在《戒本》上面去分別、執著,我這個有貪,我有瞋,我有….,不是的;是生活上所有一切起心、動念。各位可以回去看看起心動念,如果你動了,叫作犯戒。

所以今天講「戒」,如果你沒有起心、動念,得「戒體」,真有「戒體」 – 體是清淨光明。如果你受戒不得「戒體」,就不是真受戒。

像現在很多人受「菩薩戒」,那是騙你的。還有勸人家出家,一天到晚勸人家出家,騙人的。他說出家有功德,搞錯了。出家有功德,是你出了家,自性清淨圓滿光明,聽經聞法證果了,那叫功德。如果都沒有,空拿信徒的錢來鬼混,像現在一堆山都這樣。今天講「戒」就要講得清楚,我們是人,不是山。

古人常講一句話:「打得念頭死,許你法身活。」對,厲害!

妄想、雜念死光光了,就是不起了,法身現前,就是清淨光明的本體現前,這是「持戒」。

我們念佛,是「持戒」。

放下煩惱,是「持戒」。

不分別、不執著、不妄想,是「持戒」。

只要把握原則,二十四小時都叫「持戒」。那不要講「五戒」圓滿,「大乘戒、小乘戒、比丘戒、比丘尼戒、菩薩戒」全部圓滿。「真心念佛」,能二十四小時不斷,「持戒」圓滿。

上次講過能夠超過十二小時,這已經不錯了。所以今天真的略略說一說,我們一般常常聽人講「持戒」,「持戒」到底是什麼?我要奉勸各位,你真的老老實實念佛,不要把世俗的想法,帶到你的腦袋,這是「真正持戒」。這非常、非常重要。

如果有世俗想法,那就是犯戒、破戒,結罪到三惡道,一定去三惡道。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra