MASTER SHEN-LONG | Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 121
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Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 121

(Last week we ended with, “This was the case with the previous civilization, which was destroyed by nuclear war. I heard that was called the Atlantis civilization. I heard it sank below the ocean. Some researchers just study it. There is indeed this civilization, which was the last civilization. The last civilization completely collapsed caused by nuclear war which means that the land broke and sank into the sea.”)

Earth is interesting given that its life span is ten billion years. However, with less than 20,000 years of human history and others are formless beings, beings with bodies are not suitable for survival on Earth. The phases of “creation, duration, dissolution and state of being dissolved” of the universe are the same as our mental and our life phenomena of “birth, aging, sickness and death”. The thought in our mind which arises this moment and ceases the next moment. To change all at once, is to shift all at once.  The human mind and the universe are closely related. If the will of people is peaceful and harmony, the universe does not have disasters, the breeze is gentle, and the sun is bright. The weather is a hideous mess now. Ten years ago, the weather was still sunny, fine and with warm serenity. It is strange now. If people do not change, the future will be terrible, it is volatile. 

How does the volatile phenomena exist? It is from the feeling of inferior and the feeling of superiority. The feeling of superiority (swelled head) destroys the world and the feeling inferiority (self-demeaning) causes social unrest. Since these two phenomena exists, we need to discuss Tolerance under Insult. We just talked about insult, if you let go of the “people” and the “self-I”, the whole world is at peace. 

I hope everyone learns the way of the Buddha; it is particularly important to think over whether there is inferiority in your thinking behavior.   

The feeling of inferiority is caused by a person’s “discriminations, attachments and erroneous thinking”. How to remove these attachments?  You still must use wisdom. 

But how does wisdom manifest? The mind needs to be purified of defiling illusion, if the mind is not purified, then wisdom cannot manifest. 

In this case, why is the mind not purified? The unpurified mind has two reasons: There is interference by emerging situations outside and there is worry and anxiety inside. Honestly speaking, regarding the interference of the emergence of situations outside, either from television or from surrounded friends, when looking at this society, it is unstable. Where is this instability from? It is the mind because it has afflictions. 

Learning the Buddha’s way, we still must start with the basic human phenomenon. What is human phenomenon? 

Would one like to change to the concept of enlightenment? 

If you change to the concept of enlightenment, it is purified of defiling illusion, equality, enlightenment, and compassion. After you change to this concept then the insult is gone, Tolerance is also not there. Earlier said, the practice of giving and compliance with moral precepts is also not there. Because the practice of giving and compliance with moral precepts are the inherent ability of the life essence, it also has the ability of Tolerance under Insult. The so-called Tolerance under Insult just describes when encountering something unfair, you make light of it in the mind and leave no traces or impressions. “No impression” is the true meaning of Tolerance under Insult

It is not when insult occurs, and you need to have tolerance; this way is useless. It is forcing yourself, one day this will be trouble and it will explode. 

Regarding insult, from the earliest time the eminent monk with great virtue changed for us but it should be to exercise patience. However, insult to the Chinese is a scholar prefers death to insult, a serious national phenomenon. Today, does it exist? Yes, it still exists. Therefore, using wisdom is to be disillusioned with your afflictions, attachments, and erroneous thinking. After being disillusioned with all, it will fix your way of thinking and behaving every minute with your thought arising in the mind is precisely the teaching of Buddha. We speak about mindfulness Amitabha, this way is exactly mindfulness Amitabha and the enlightenment of mindfulness. 

Since everyone knows how to cultivate oneself in the right practice, why is it unachievable? It is because there is no real desire for enlightenment. If you really want to change a lifestyle, you will do it. People nowadays only like to hear what is good and only like to improve on perfection. You really persuade them and point out one’s shortfalls, no, it is insulting and is trouble. I have encountered too many. 

I recall our teacher used to be very polite to many people who came to ask for advice.  Everyone would say: “Master we come for your guidance; you are so polite.” 
Everyone sat there for an hour or two, asking him to elucidate the teaching and he was silent. Why? 
Later I asked him, he said: “Those people are not worthy to be taught.” 
Then he said: “Those people did not really come to ask how to change one’s evil ways and reform. How to learn the Buddha’s way? They do not have that in mind.” 
We said: “People were very sincere, they prostrated with their head at your feet and behaved respectfully.” 
He said: “You are wrong. These people are confused with cognitive distortion; you must say to them that they are very advanced to cultivate oneself in right practice. You must tell them they are good first before one can accept it. If you really want to point out one’s shortcomings, they will turn around and leave thinking that you were insulting them.” 
We have seen too many. Why? Because one has not achieved even 1%. 

Do you know why one is unable to achieve even 1%? It is because of their feeling of superiority, it is arrogance arising from the complex of inferiority.

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra

卷 (八)  忍辱波羅蜜

(上星期講到: 前面一個文明就是這樣,核子戰爭把它毁掉了。聽人家講好像叫Atlantis文明,聽說沉到海洋下面去了。有人就研究,確確實實有這個文明,就是上一個文明。上一個文明是因為核子戰爭完全陸沉,就是地塊斷裂沉到海裡。)

地球很有意思,就算它壽命有一百億年,人類歷史二萬年都不到,其他都是無形的眾生在地球上,有肉體的眾生還不適合生存。宇宙「成住壞滅」,就跟我們心理,我們人生一樣,生老病死。心裡念頭,一下生、一下滅,一下變化、一下轉變。人心跟宇宙,其實息息相關,如果人心平和,宇宙就沒有災難,風和日麗。現在天氣,亂七八糟。十年前這地方天氣還風和日麗,現在就很奇怪了。如果再不改變,將來不得了,反覆無常。

反覆無常怎麼來的?自卑自大。所以自大,毁滅世界。自卑,造成社會不安。那既然有這兩個現象,我們要談到「忍辱」了。剛剛講「辱」,如果把人跟我放下後,社會太平。

我希望各位學佛,很重要應該想想,就是說我思想行為裡面有沒有自卑?

自卑是從個人的分別、執著、妄想造成的。怎麼樣把執著拿掉?還是要用智慧。

可是智慧怎麼現前?心要清淨,心不清淨,智慧無法現前。

那心為什麼不清淨?心不清淨有兩個原因:外有境界干擾,內有煩惱不安。說老實話外面境界干擾,我們從電視上也好,從朋友周圍也好,你去看這個社會是不安。不安最重要從那裡來?心,就是自己的內心,因為有煩有惱。

真正講學佛,還是要從基本的人的現象說起。人的現象是什麼?

願不願意換一個覺悟的觀念?

如果你換個覺悟的觀念,就是清淨、平等、覺悟、慈悲。你換了這個觀念以後,辱就沒有了,忍也沒有了。前面講「布施、持戒」也沒有了。因為「布施、持戒」是生命本體當中本來就有的能力,也有「忍辱」這能力。所謂「忍辱」,那只是形容遇到不平的事情,心裡面一笑置之,不留痕跡,連印象都不落。「不落印象」是忍辱真正的意思。不是辱來了,我要忍,這沒有用。這是強迫自己,有一天這是麻煩,會爆炸的。

基本上剛剛最早的時候,我們講「辱」是因為高僧大德給我們改了,應該說是忍耐。而「辱」,是因為中國人「士可殺不可辱」,這麼嚴重的民族的現象。到了今天這個社會,存不存在?還存在。

所以以智慧看破你的煩惱、你的執著、你的妄想。看破以後,分分秒秒在起心、動念中,修正你的想法跟行為,這就是佛法。我們講念佛,這個就是念佛,念覺。

既然大家都知道修行的方式,為什麼做不到?因為沒有真正的想要覺悟。要真的想換一個生活方式的話,就會做了。現在人,只喜歡聽好聽的,只喜歡錦上添花。你真正勸他,真正把他毛病指出來,不行,侮辱了這麻煩。我遇到太多了。

記得以前我們老師對很多人,人家來求教,他都很客氣。人家都說:「師父我來請教,你這樣客氣。」大家坐在那裡一兩個鐘頭,請他「開示」,他都默默不語。為什麼?

事後問他,他說:「汝子不可教!」

他說:「這些人不是真的來問我說怎麼改過、向善?怎麼學佛? 他沒有這個意思!」

我們講:「你看人家很誠心,又是頂禮,又是恭敬。」

他說:「你搞錯了!」                                     

他說:「這些人迷惑、顛倒,你要說他修行很進步,你要跟他講 說你現在不錯,他才能接受。你真要指出他毛病,他掉頭就走,他認為你是侮辱他。」

那我們看得太多。為什麼?他沒有一分做到。

你知道為什麼沒有一分?因為自大,自卑中產生的自大。

>>Click here to read the full series of Master Shen-Long expounding on Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra