20 Jan Explanation of the Title: Prajna Paramita Heart Sutra, Part 144
The Perfection of Meditation to Samadhi Level (Dhyana-Paramita)
Today we begin to explain the perfection of meditative concentration to Samadhi level (Dhyana-Paramita), one of the Six Paramitas (perfections). Last time we talked about the perfection of proficient diligence is precisely the Pure Land of Bodhisattva. The word proficient refers to unadulterated; diligence denotes eternally non-stopping. What is eternally non-stopping? The pure mind, the unrestrained mind, the mind of equality, and the compassionate mind; combining these minds together is called Surangama-Samadhi.
Previously, it was referred to when explaining Prajna:
The Supreme Teaching from above the Crown of the Great Buddha’s Head, on the Esoteric and Profound Cause of Tathagata, through Practicing Cultivation to Realize the Truth to become Buddha in All Disciplines of Salvation of Various Bodhisattva-Surangama Sutra
The Surangama means:
All matters are within Buddha nature, which is ultimately inexhaustible and indestructible.
How does Surangama initiate? You must pacify the mind.
Today we continue to explain the perfection of meditative concentration to Samadhi level, meditative refers to wisdom, concentration refers to all characteristics completely beyond laying hold of; this exactly is meditative concentration. If you have any characteristics in mind, then there is problem. What is called characteristics in mind? It is falling into the impression.
For example, after brushing your teeth and rinsing your mouth together this morning, you started to see things and began to fall into the impression. How does it fall? Remember what you like and what you dislike. This is called saving the image to Alaya-consciousness. Alaya is exactly a database of thoughts that most people talk about. After stored for a long time, there will be some problems. It is discrimination, attachment, and delusional thought. The most serious is delusional thought.
Therefore, if you want to return to the pure essence of all matters are within Buddha nature, which is ultimately inexhaustible and indestructible, you must let go of all these impressions. How to let go? Cannot be attached. Precisely, you must not cling to things of either this world or the supramundane world. No, you must not. Especially you cannot attach to the secular way of thinking. You can do things, you can have contact with others daily for business dealings in these manners of current society, but you cannot have it in your mind. If you have it in your mind, after fallen into the impression, then your life generates a problem of gains or losses. After gains and losses for a long time, a phenomenon appears which is affliction. After having affliction for a long time, the body and mind becomes unpleasant. How can there be stillness of mind control when the body and mind are unpleasant?
So basically, the body and mind have purified without defilement is the essence of the original life. But now most people do not have this, what they have is just the hidden capability. The hidden capability is not discovered, not excavated, and not trained by oneself. Regarding this hidden capability: that is why we say all Buddhas who become Buddha rely on meditative concentration. Within this hidden capability exists meditative concentration, within the hidden capability exists the Six Paramitas (perfections).
Today our focus is about meditative concentration to the Samadhi Level; therefore, we highlight it for review.
Meditative refers to the pure mind, the mind of rationality, the mind of equality, and the mind of compassion.
Concentration is a bright mind, and the mind of omnipotence.
Therefore, meditative concentration can control the scattering and disordering.
“Scattering” is the mind not concentrated and the fault of modern people is that the mind is not concentrated.
“Disorder” is not proficient diligence, it is called pursuing disorder and impulsiveness. Disorder means thinking too much and wanting to grab all.
“Impulsiveness” means one cannot settle the mind.
卷 (十) 禪定波羅密
今天繼續講，就講到「禪定波羅蜜」。「禪」是智慧，「定」是一切相了不可得 – 這就是「禪定」。如果心中有「相」，那就有問題。什麼叫「相」？落入印象。
所以如果要回到「一切事究竟堅固」清淨的本體，必須要把相放掉。「相」怎麼放？不能執著。基本上來講，就是不能執著一切世、出世間法，不能執著。尤其世俗的想法不能執著。可以做，可以每天跟人家接觸談生意，現在社會的這些方式可以，但是心裡面不能有。心裡面如果有，落入印象後，人生就產生個問題 – 得失。得失久了，人就出現一個現象 – 煩惱。煩惱久了，身心不愉快。身心不愉快，怎麼會有定？